Sports injuries occur when playing indoor or outdoor sports or while exercising. Sports injuries can result from accidents, inadequate training, improper use of protective devices, or insufficient stretching or warm-up exercises. The most common sports injuries are sprains and strains, fractures, and dislocations.
The most common treatment recommended for injury is rest, ice, compression and elevation (RICE).
- Rest: Avoid activities that may cause injury
- Ice: Ice packs can be applied to the injured area which will help to diminish swelling and pain. Ice should be applied over a towel to the affected area for 15-20 minutes four times a day for several days. Never place ice directly over the skin
- Compression: Compression of the injured area helps to reduce swelling. Elastic wraps, air casts, and splints can accomplish this
- Elevation: Elevate the injured part above heart level to reduce swelling and pain.
Some of the measures that are followed to prevent sports related injuries include:
- Follow an exercise program to strengthen the muscles
- Gradually increase your exercise level and avoid overdoing the exercise
- Ensure that you wear properly-fitted protective gear such as elbow guards, eye gear, facemasks, mouth guards, and pads, comfortable clothes, and athletic shoes before playing any sports activity which will help to reduce the chances of injury
- Make sure that you follow warm up and cool down exercises before and after sports activity. Exercises will help to stretch the muscles, increase flexibility, and reduce soft tissue injuries
- Avoid exercising immediately after eating a large meal
- Maintain a healthy diet which will nourish the muscles
- Avoid playing when you are injured or tired. Take a break for some time after playing
- Learn all the rules of the game you are participating in
- Ensure that you are physically fit to play the sport
The shoulder is susceptible to injuries due to the overhead action in throwing sports such as tennis. The repetitive serving action creates great stress on various structures supporting the shoulder, causing severe pain and disability.
Traumatic injuries during basketball may involve shoulder dislocation and instability. These injuries could occur due to overuse, or a fall directly on the shoulder or an outstretched arm.
Overuse, overstrain or trauma during gymnastics can lead to shoulder injuries, such as bursitis, dislocation, impingement or tendonitis.
The shoulder joint is the most commonly affected part of the body due to overuse during swimming. Injuries may include impingement.
Click on the topics below to find out more from the orthopedic connection website of American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons.
- The Shoulder
- Arthritis of the Shoulder
- Broken Collarbone
- Dislocated Shoulder
- Fracture of the shoulder blade (scapula)
- Frozen Shoulder
- Rotator Cuff Tears
- Separated Shoulder
- Shoulder Impingement (Bursitis, Tendinitis)
- Shoulder Joint Replacement
- Shoulder Joint Tear (Glenoid Labrum Tear)
- Thoracic outlet syndrome
- Shoulder Arthroscopy
Other Shoulder Procedures
- Shoulder Arthroscopy
- Rotator Cuff Repair
- Shoulder Instability Procedures
- Shoulder Labral Repairs
- Total Shoulder Replacement
- Revision Shoulder Replacement
- Reverse Shoulder Replacement
- Complex, Reconstructive Shoulder Surgery
- Tendon Transfers Around the Shoulder
- Treatment of Shoulder Fractures (Humerus, Glenoid, Clavicle, Scapula)
- Treatment of Acromioclavicular (AC) Joint Injuries